Liebherr wine fridge at Best Price
Your Liebherr wine fridges either single wine cabinet or multi temperature wine cabinet freestanding or integrated are supplied at the best prices from Cavepromotor in the UK. A Liebherr wine fridge price includes home delivery, a digital hydrometer, Filter Alert Service and for the freestanding wine fridges also installation and Vibration Reduction Blocks.
N.B. Have you seen a lower price from a Liebherr dealer in the UK? Let us know where from and we will beat the price!
Our history with Liebherr wine fridges
Specialising in the Liebherr range of appliances like wine cabinets and wine fridges was an inspired choice for us at Cavepromotor. After many years of selling exclusive wines from Wijnpromotor we wanted to investigate further the storage methods people used for such expensive wine. In our research we not only looked at the quality of the cabinets, prices, delivery & after sales care but also the knowledge within the industry.
In the world of wine there is often lot of misunderstanding and misinformation and it was for this reason that Cavepromotor was created. We found suppliers very keen to sell wine cabinets but when questions arose regarding correct storage conditions and serving temperatures the background knowledge required to answer about wine was not always prevalent. The correct humidity level inside a cabinet is vitally important in the storage of wine and this fact can often be ignored leading to wines being spoiled.
As well as answering questions before a purchase is made we are more than happy to talk to customers and give advice or answer questions with any queries that may arise once the cabinet is in use. Over the years we have had questions regarding temperatures, storage and humidity and we are always pleased to help out with free advice as wine really is our passion.
Range Liebherr wine fridges
A multi-temperature and single-temperature Liebherr wine cabinet or Liebherr wine fridge is delivered with Cavepromotor unique Vibration Reduction Blocks set and a digital hygrometer – Free of charge. A Liebherr multi-temperature wine cabinet helps you store and service your wines. A single-temperature Liebherr wine cabinet of wine fridge is mainly used for storage. A Liebherr wine cabinet take care of the temperature but also promise adequate humidity and air quality (thanks to the active carbon filters).
Vinothek (= standard) a Liebherr wine cabinet contain: wooden shelfs (except for the WKr 1811), digital display, FreshAir active carbon filter.
|Model type||Product type||Temp. zones||Bottles||Product finish|
|Liebherr WKb 4212||Free stand.||1||200||Insulated glazed door, black frame, black side walls|
|Liebherr WKr 4211||Free stand.||1||200||Full door, bordeaux red, black side walls|
|Liebherr WTb 4212||Free stand.||6||200||Insulated glazed door, black frame, black side walls|
|Liebherr WTr 4211||Free stand.||6||200||Full door, bordeaux red, black side walls|
GrandCru (= luxury) contains: the same as the Vinothek wine cabinet including LED lightning, electronic control systtem, door lock, child safety, aluminum door handle including integrated opening mechanism and clip-on labeling system.
|Model type||Product type||Temp. zones||Bottles||Product finish Grand cru|
|Liebherr WKt 6451||Free stand.||1||312||Full door, terra with terra side walls|
|Liebherr WKt 5552||Free stand.||1||253||Insulated glazed door, terra frame and side walls|
|Liebherr UWKes 1752||Integrated||1||46||Integrated glazed door with stainles steel frame, silver sides|
Vinidor (= extra luxury) the same as a GrandCru wine cabinet and contains: the GrandCru including electronic LCD display, dimable LED lighting, wooden shelves mounted on telescopic rails, tinted safety glass and two or three independently operation wine safes.
|Model type||Product type||Temp. zones||Bottles||Product finish|
|Liebherr WTes 5872||Free stand.||3||178||Insulated glazed door, steel frame and stainless steel sides|
|Liebherr WTes 5972||Free stand.||2||211||Insulated glazed door, steel frame and stainless steel sides|
|Liebherr WTes 1672||Free stand.||2||34||Insulated glazed door, steel frame and stainless steel sides|
|Liebherr UWTes 1672||Integrated||2||34||Insulated glazed door, steel frame|
|Liebherr UWTgb 1682||Integrated||2||34||Insulated glazed door, Touch Open|
|Liebherr EWTgw 3583||Integrated||2||83||Insulated glazed door White, Touch Open|
|Liebherr EWTgb 3583||Integrated||2||83||Insulated glazed door Black, Touch Open|
|Liebherr EWTgw 2383||Integrated||2||51||Insulated glazed door White, Touch Open|
|Liebherr EWTgb 2383||Integrated||2||51||Insulated glazed door Black, Touch Open|
|Liebherr EWTgw 1683||Integrated||2||33||Insulated glazed door White, Touch Open|
|Liebherr EWTgb 1683||Integrated||2||33||Insulated glazed door Black, Touch Open|
Low price Warranty
The lowest price in the UK for Liebherr wine fridges
At Cavepromotor we can provide the lowest price for your freestanding Liebherr wine fridge and integrated wine fridge because:
- We only sell Liebherr wine fridges
- We have an optimized stock
- We have an efficiënt and environmentally friendly logistc system
- We are easy to locate on the internet
- We don't pay for advertisement
- We don't pay for price comparison sites
How to store and serve wine
Storing and serving with Liebherr wine fridges
To store and serve wine in the optimum conditions you have to be aware of the following:
- Humidity (Digital hydrometer)
- Avoid vibrations (Vibration Reduction Blocks)
- Reducing energy consumption
When you buy your Liebherr wine fridge from Cavepromotor you receive a free digital hydrometer. This helps you to monitor the level of humidity within the cabinet. If it drops too low you can switch on a fan to raise it up. Our wine cabinet specialists are always available to offer advice free of charge.
Vibration Reduction Blocks
Environmental vibration can have a negative effect on the ripening of your wines. This will be reduced by at least 95%. When you buy the Liebherr wine fridge from Cavepromotor as you will be supplied with vibration reduction blocks.
Reducing energy consumption
You can reduce the energy consumption of your Liebherr wine fridge by keeping it well stocked. If the unit is approximately 75% full this will help maintain the temperature when the door is opened and in turn reduce the time the compressor runs for.
Delivery and installation
Liebherr wine fridge delivery & Installation
Price for the Freestanding models includes:
- Home delivery
- Digital hydrometer
- Vibration Reduction Blocks
- Filter Alert Service
Price for the Integrated models includes:
- Home delivery
- Digital hydrometer
- Filter Alert Service
Important Delivery Information
When purchasing a Liebherr Wine Fridge, Wine Cooler or Wine Fridge, it is essential that the Cabinet will not only fit into the desired position within your house, it also needs to be able to reach that desired location.
Full details, measurements and specifications of each Liebherr model can be found at the Product pages on our website. When doubting call our staff. Occasionally the situation has arisen, that whilst the unit is still enclosed within the cardboard and polystyrene packaging, it is too large to fit through the customer’s door. In this instance, it is possible for the packaging to be removed prior to entering the property, but it is essential that it is known beforehand the unit’s measurements mean that the unpackaged unit will then fit through the entrance.
If the Wine Cabinet is not being delivered to the ground floor, then please inform us when placing your order. If the cabinet does need to be lifted either up or down stairs / levels, please inform us so we can instruct the delivery company to bring the correct equipment. It is vital that we receive this information before the Wine Fridge is delivered, otherwise they may refuse to deliver your Wine Cabinet once they have arrived. If there is a lift available, please make sure the packaged dimensions will fit.
The packaging will only be removed if the customer gives permission for this to be done after acknowledging that the unpackaged unit will fit through the door. The reason for this is simple; once the packaging has been removed the unit is deemed as ‘delivered’. If however it then transpires that the unit will not gain access to the property, it will need to be returned to Liebherr for a smaller or alternative model, it will then become subject to a return charge of £60.00 plus vat (£72.00). If the above does happen, it will not affect your two year warranty.
Once the unit is deemed ‘delivered’ you will not be able to return the Wine Cabinet to Liebherr for any reason apart from malfunction. Liebherr will not exchange the unit if you have ordered the incorrect model for your needs, whether it’s for size or function. Liebherr will not collect an incorrectly ordered model and will not take any model back into stock, even if it hasn’t been switched on, purely because the outer packaging has been removed. This is because of the logistics in returning a model without any packaging, in case of damage and scratching. As you can see from the above, it is vitally important you ensure you order the correct unit for your needs, so please do check the measurements of all door frames and entrances where the Wine Fridge, Wine Cooler or Wine Cabinet would pass / enter.
The location of the wine cabinet can not be underestimated. In the product information it lists dimensions when the door is open at a 90 degree angle. With the 60cm wide cabinets in particular it important you can open the door to 115 degrees to allow the shelves to pull out and also for loading and unloading of the wine. At 90 degrees the shelves could snag on the rubber door seal. With the door opened to 115 degrees you need to allow for an extra 20 - 25cm. It is not so important for the wider cabinets especially the models fitted with telescopic shelves.
Another issue to mindful of is if the Liebherr wine fridge is positioned next to a freezing or cooling appliance then condensation could form on the outer cabinet. We recommend leaving a gap of 5cm between the wine fridge and unit.
If the ambient room temperature falls below 10 degrees centigrade the Liebherr wine fridges may not work at its optimum level.
We deliver Liebherr wine fridges in:
Abingdon-on-Thames, Accrington, Acle, Acton, Adlington, Alcester, Aldeburgh, Aldershot, Alford, Alfreton, Alnwick, Alsager, Alston, Alton, Altrincham, Amble, Ambleside, Amersham, Amesbury, Ampthill, Andover, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Arlesey, Arundel, Ashbourne, Ashburton, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Ashby Woulds, Ashford, Ashington, Ashton-under-Lyne, Askern, Aspatria, Atherstone, Attleborough, Axbridge, Axminster, Aylesbury, Aylsham, Bacup, Bakewell, Bampton, Banbury, Barking, Barnard Castle, Barnes, Barnet, Barnoldswick, Barnsley, Barnstaple, Barrow-in-Furness, Barton-upon-Humber, Basingstoke, Batley, Battle, Bawtry, Beaconsfield, Beaminster, Bebington, Beccles, Beckenham, Bedale, Bedford, Bedworth, Belper, Bentham, Berkeley, Berkhamsted, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Beverley, Bewdley, Bexhill-on-Sea, Bexley, Bicester, Biddulph, Bideford, Biggleswade, Billericay, Billingham, Bilston, Bingham, Bingley, Birchwood, Birkenhead, Bishop Auckland, Bishop's Castle, Bishop's Stortford, Bishop's Waltham, Blackburn, Blackpool, Blackrod, Blackwater and Hawley, Blandford Forum, Bletchley and Fenny Stratford, Blyth, Bodmin, Bognor Regis, Bollington, Bolsover, Bolton, Bootle, Bordon, Boroughbridge, Boston, Bottesford, Bourne, Bournemouth, Bovey Tracey, Brackley, Bradford-on-Avon, Brading, Bradley Stoke, Bradninch, Braintree, Brampton, Brandon, Braunstone Town, Brentford, Brentwood, Bridgnorth, Bridgwater, Bridlington, Bridport, Brierfield, Brierley, Brigg, Brighouse, Brightlingsea, Brixham, Broadstairs and St Peter's, Bromborough, Bromley, Bromsgrove, Bromyard, Broseley, Brough, Broughton, Broughton-in-Furness, Bruton, Buckfastleigh, Buckingham, Bude-Stratton, Budleigh Salterton, Bulwell, Bungay, Buntingford, Burford, Burgess Hill, Burgh-le-Marsh, Burnham-on-Crouch, Burnham-on-Sea, Burnley, Burntwood, Burslem, Burton Latimer, Burton upon Trent, Bury, Bury St Edmunds, Bushey, Buxton, Caistor, Callington, Calne, Camborne, Camelford, Cannock, Canvey Island, Carnforth, Carlton Colville, Carshalton, Carterton, Castle Cary, Castleford, Chagford, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Chard, Charlbury, Chatham, Chatteris, Cheadle, Cheltenham, Chertsey, Chesham, Cheshunt, Chesterfield, Chester-le-Street, Chickerell, Chilton, Chingford, Chippenham, Chipping Campden, Chipping Norton, Chipping Sodbury, Chorley, Chorleywood, Christchurch, Chudleigh, Chulmleigh, Church Stretton, Cinderford, Cirencester, Clare, Clay Cross, Cleator Moor, Cleckheaton, Cleethorpes, Cleobury Mortimer, Clevedon, Clitheroe, Clun, Coalville, Cockermouth, Coggeshall, Colburn, Colchester, Coleford, Coleshill, Colne, Colyton, Congleton, Conisbrough, Corbridge, Corby, Corringham, Corsham, Cotgrave, Cowes, Coulsdon, Cramlington, Cranbrook, Craven Arms, Crawley, Crediton, Crewe, Crewkerne, Cricklade, Cromer, Crook, Crosby, Crowborough, Croydon, Crowland, Crowle, Cullompton, Dagenham, Dalton Town with Newton, Darley Dale, Darlington, Dartford, Dartmouth, Darwen, Daventry, Dawley, Dawlish, Deal, Denholme, Dereham, Desborough, Devizes, Dewsbury, Didcot, Dinnington St John's, Diss, Doncaster, Dorchester, Dorking, Dover, Dovercourt, Downham Market, Driffield, Droitwich Spa, Dronfield, Dudley, Dukinfield, Dulverton, Dunstable, Dunwich, Dursley, , Ealing, Earby, Earl Shilton, Earley, Easingwold, East Cowes, East Grinstead, East Ham, Eastbourne, Eastleigh, East Retford, Eastwood, Eccles, Eccleshall, Edenbridge, Edgware, Edmonton, Egremont, Elland, Ellesmere, Ellesmere Port, Elstree and Borehamwood, Emsworth, Enfield, Epping, Epsom and Ewell, Epworth, Erith, Eton, Evesham, Exmouth, Eye, Fairford, Fakenham, Falmouth, Fareham, Faringdon, Farnborough, Farnham, Faversham, Fazeley, Featherstone, Felixstowe, Ferndown, Ferryhill, Filey, Filton, Finchley, Fleet, Fleetwood, Flitwick, Folkestone, Fordbridge, Fordingbridge, Fordwich, Fowey, Framlingham, Frinton and Walton, Frodsham, Frome, Gainsborough, Garstang, Gateshead, Gillingham, Gillingham, Glastonbury, Glossop, Godalming, Godmanchester, Goole, Gorleston, Gosport, Grange-over-Sands, Grantham, Grassington, Gravesend, Grays, Great Dunmow, Great Torrington, Great Yarmouth, Greater Willington, Grimsby, Guildford, Guisborough, Hadleigh, Hailsham, Halesowen, Halesworth, Halewood, Halifax, Halstead, Haltwhistle, Redenhall with Harleston, Harlow, Harpenden, Harrogate, Harrow, Hartland, Hartlepool, Harwich, Harworth and Bircotes, Haslemere, Haslingden, Hastings, Hatfield, Hatfield, Hatherleigh, Havant, Haverhill, Hawkinge, Haxby, Hawes, Hayes, Hayle, Haywards Heath, Heanor and Loscoe, Heathfield, Hebden Royd, Hedge End, Hednesford, Hedon, Helmsley, Helston, Hemel Hempstead, Hemsworth, Hendon, Henley-in-Arden, Henley-on-Thames, Hertford, Hessle, Hetton, Hexham, Heywood, Higham Ferrers, Highbridge, Highworth, High Wycombe, Hinckley, Hingham, Hitchin, Hoddesdon, Holbeach, Holsworthy, Holt, Honiton, Horley, Horncastle, Hornsea, Hornsey, Horsforth, Horsham, Horwich, Houghton Regis, Hounslow, Howden, Huddersfield, Hungerford, Hunstanton, Huntingdon, Hyde, Hythe, Ilford, Ilfracombe, Ilkeston, Ilkley, Ilminster, Immingham, Ingleby Barwick, Ipswich, Irthlingborough, Ivybridge, Jarrow, Keighley, Kempston, Kendal, Kenilworth, Kesgrave, Keswick, Kettering, Keynsham, Kidderminster, Kidsgrove, Kimberley, King's Lynn, Kingsbridge, Kingsteignton, Kingston-upon-Thames, Kington, Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Kirkby Lonsdale, Kirkby Stephen, Kirkbymoorside, Kirkham, Kirton-in-Lindsey, Knaresborough, Knutsford, Langport, Launceston, Leatherhead, Lechlade, Ledbury, Leek, Leigh, Leighton-Linslade, Leigh-on-Sea, Leiston, Leominster, Letchworth Garden City, Lewes, Leyburn, Leyland, Leyton, Liskeard, Littlehampton, Loddon, London, Loftus, Liverpool, Long Sutton, Longridge, Longtown, Looe, Lostwithiel, Loughborough, Loughton, Louth, Lowestoft, Ludgershall, Ludlow, Luton, Lutterworth, Lydd, Lydney, Lyme Regis, Lymington, Lynton & Lynmouth, Lytchett Minster & Upton, Lytham St Annes, Mablethorpe and Sutton, Macclesfield, Madeley, Maghull, Maidenhead, Maidstone, Maldon, Malmesbury, Maltby, Malton, Malvern, Manchester, Manningtree, Mansfield, Marazion, March, Margate, Market Bosworth, Market Deeping, Market Drayton, Market Harborough, Market Rasen, Market Weighton, Marlborough, Marlow, Maryport, Masham, Matlock, Medlar with Wesham, Melksham, Meltham, Melton Mowbray, Mere, Mexborough, Middleham, Middlesbrough, Middleton, Middlewich, Midhurst, Midsomer Norton, Mildenhall, Millom, Minchinhampton, Minehead, Minster, Mirfield, Mitcham, Mitcheldean, Modbury, Morecambe, Moretonhampstead, Moreton-in-Marsh, Morley, Morpeth, Mossley, Much Wenlock, Nailsea, Nailsworth, Nantwich, Needham Market, Nelson, Neston, New Alresford, New Mills, New Milton, New Romney, Newark-on-Trent, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Newbury, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Newent, Newhaven, Newlyn, Newmarket, Newport, Newport, Newport Pagnell, Newquay, Newton Abbot, Newton Aycliffe, Newton-le-Willows, Normanton, North Hykeham, North Petherton, North Tawton, North Walsham, Northallerton, Northam, Northampton, Northfleet, Northleach with Eastington, Northwich, Norton-on-Derwent, Nuneaton, Oakengates, Oakham, Okehampton, Oldbury, Oldham, Ollerton and Boughton, Olney, Ongar, Orford, Ormskirk, Ossett, Oswestry, Otley, Ottery St Mary, Oundle, Paddock Wood, Padiham, Padstow, Paignton, Painswick, Partington, Patchway, Pateley Bridge, Peacehaven, Penistone, Penkridge, Penrith, Penryn, Penwortham, Penzance, Pershore, Peterlee, Petersfield, Petworth, Pickering, Plympton, Pocklington, Polegate, Pontefract, Ponteland, Poole, Porthleven, Portishead and North Weston, Portland, Potton, Poynton-with-Worth, Preesall, Prescot, Princes Risborough, Prudhoe, Pudsey, Quedgeley, Queenborough-in-Sheppey, Radstock, Ramsey, Ramsgate, Raunds, Rawtenstall, Rayleigh, Reading, Redcar, Redhill, Redruth, Reepham, Reigate, Richmond, Richmond, Ringwood, Ripley, Rochdale, Rochester, Rochford, Romford, Romsey, Ross-on-Wye, Rothbury, Rotherham, Rothwell, Rothwell, Rowley Regis, Royal Leamington Spa, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Royal Wootton Bassett, Royston, Rugby, Rugeley, Rushden, Ryde, Rye, Saffron Walden, St Austell, St Blaise, St Columb Major, St Helens, St Ives, St Just-in-Penwith, St Mawes, St Neots, Salcombe, Sale, Saltash, Sandbach, Sandhurst, Sandiacre, Sandown, Sandwich, Sandy, Sawbridgeworth, Saxmundham, Scarborough, Scunthorpe, Seaford, Seaham, Seaton, Sedbergh, Sedgefield, Selby, Selsey, Settle, Sevenoaks, Shaftesbury, Shanklin, Shefford, Shepshed, Shepton Mallet, Sherborne, Sheringham, Shifnal, Shildon, Shiraz, Shipston-on-Stour, Shirebrook, Shoreham-by-Sea, Shrewsbury, Sidmouth, Silloth, Silsden, Sittingbourne, Skegness, Skelmersdale, Skelton-in-Cleveland, Skipton, Sleaford, Slough, Smethwick, Snaith and Cowick, Snodland, Soham, Solihull, Somerton, South Brent, South Cave, South Elmsall, South Kirkby and Moorthorpe, South Molton, South Shields, South Woodham Ferrers, Southam, Southall, Southborough, Southend-on-Sea, Southgate, Southminster, Southport, Southsea, Southwell, Southwick, Southwold, Spalding, Spennymoor, Spilsby, Sprowston, Stafford, Staines-upon-Thames, Stainforth, Stalbridge, Stalham, Stalybridge, Stamford, Stanley, Stanhope, Stapleford, Staveley, Stevenage, Steyning, St Mary Cray, Stockport, Stocksbridge, Stockton-on-Tees, Stone, Stonehouse, Stony Stratford, Stotfold, Stourbridge, Stourport-on-Severn, Stowmarket, Stow-on-the-Wold, Stratford-upon-Avon, Stretford, Strood, Stroud, Sturminster Newton, Sudbury, Surbiton, Sutton, Sutton Coldfield, Swaffham, Swanage, Swanley, Swanscombe and Greenhithe, Swindon, Syston, Tadcaster, Tadley, Tamworth, Taunton, Tavistock, Teignmouth, Telscombe, Tenbury Wells, Tenterden, Tetbury, Tewkesbury, Thame, Thatcham, Thaxted, Thetford, Thirsk, Thornaby-on-Tees, Thornbury, Thorne, Thorpe St Andrew, Thrapston, Tickhill, Tidworth, Tipton, Tiverton, Todmorden, Tonbridge, Topsham, Torpoint, Torquay, Totnes, Tottenham, Totton and Eling, Tow Law, Towcester, Tring, Trowbridge, Twickenham, Tynemouth, Uckfield, Ulverston, Uppingham, Upton-upon-Severn, Uttoxeter, Uxbridge, Ventnor, Verwood, Wadebridge, Wadhurst, Wainfleet All Saints, Wallasey, Wallsend, Wallingford, Walsall, Waltham Abbey, Waltham Cross, Walthamstow, Walton-on-Thames, Wantage, Ware, Wareham, Warminster, Warrington, Warwick, Watchet, Watford, Wath-upon-Dearne, Watlington, Watton, Wellingborough, Wednesbury, Wellington, Wellington, Wells-next-the-Sea, Wem, Wembley, Wendover, West Bedlington, West Bromwich, West Ham, West Malling, West Mersea, West Tilbury, Westbury, Westerham, Westhoughton, Weston-super-Mare, Wetherby, Weybridge, Weymouth, Whaley Bridge, Whitby, Whitchurch, Whitchurch, Whitehaven, Whitehill, Whitnash, Whittlesey, Whitworth, Wickham, Wickwar, Widnes, Wigan, Wigton, Willenhall, Willesden, Wilton, Wilmslow, Wimbledon, Wimborne Minster, Wincanton, Winchcombe, Winchelsea, Windermere, Windsor, Winsford, Winslow, Winterton, Wirksworth, Wisbech, Witham, Withernsea, Witney, Wiveliscombe, Wivenhoe, Woburn, Woburn Sands, Woking, Wokingham, Wolsingham, Wolverton and Greenleys, Wood Green, Woodbridge, Woodley, Woodstock, Wooler, Workington, Worksop, Worthing, Wotton-under-Edge, Wragby, Wymondham, Yarm, Yarmouth, Yate, Yateley, Yeovil, Basildon, Bracknell, Milton Keynes, Redditch, Telford, Washington and Welwyn Garden City.
You want to order a Liebherr wine fridge, but your place ain't in the overview, just let us know.
History of Viticulture
The history of wine growing goes back thousands of years. It is a particularly rich history. After all, wine has been closely associated with culture in the broadest sense of the word from the very beginning. With food and drink, with religion, with art, but also with the design of the landscape. In short: wine is a cultural-historical phenomenon par excellence. Storing wine has always been a challenge. On November 13, 2013, the old wine cellar was discovered in Israel at Tel Kabri. The wine cellar is said to be 3,600 years old, according to archaeologists. The residue left in the jars consists of white and red wine.
After a slow development over many centuries, the 19th century will suddenly see a great leap forward in terms of quality. The parallel with the development of technology in the same century is astonishing. Even more than the 19th, it was the second half of the 20th century in which viticulture worldwide underwent a dramatic and breathtaking change. As a result, never before have so many good wines been produced as now! The history of wine in seven-mile boots.
How it started
Viticulture probably originated in the Near East, in Mesopotamia or in the Caucasus. In the latter region, Georgia claims to be the oldest wine country in the world with a winegrowing tradition dating back 7000 years! The history of wine started when it was discovered that the fruits of a wild creeper could be fermented into an intoxicating drink. By breeding and guiding that wild plant, the results became better and better. Viticulture soon began to spread across Asia Minor and Greece, and, through Phoenicians and Greeks, along the coasts of Black and the Mediterranean.
Wine is mentioned in countless places in the Bible. Almost always this happens in a positive way, with the infamous exception of Noah's drunkenness. Perhaps the most imaginative statement is that in John 2, dedicated to Jesus' first miracle. After all, at the wedding at Cana he turned water into wine. And not just any wine!
Roman urge for civilization
The Romans were responsible for the spread of wine culture in most of Europe. Although as occupiers, but still. Almost all classic European wine regions owe their origin to them, from Bordeaux to Romania and from Catalonia to the Moselle. They were also the first to mention certain wines by name and by name, the most famous of which was the Falerner.
Incidentally, it was often about wines that were 'flavored' with all kinds of means. The knowledge of the winemakers was at a low level at this time, at least by today's standards. People did not know how to preserve a wine in a natural way. However, adding honey, spices (à la mulled wine) or resin (as is still the case in retsina!) Offered a solution.
Thanks to the monks
After the fall of the Roman Empire, a period of great turbulence followed, with raids of Huns and migrations. Viticulture could only survive this 'dark' period thanks to the efforts of monasteries. Christian worship was not without wine, so the monks had an almost sacred duty to preserve the knowledge of winemaking. They did that until the late 18th century!
From the 9th century, when wine-loving Emperor Charlemagne (Charlemagne) ruled over much of Western Europe, the expansion of wine growing started. He stimulated the construction of new monasteries and thus the spread of wine growing in parts of present-day Germany and France. For example, in Burgundy, where one of the most famous white vineyards now bears his name, Corton-Charlemagne.
A little later, the rise of the cities and the bourgeoisie contributed to a further flourishing of wine-growing and wine-trading. Partly thanks to a temporary warming of the climate in Europe, the planting of grape vines even reached a record size around 1500. To illustrate: in Germany at that time, three times as much vineyard was planted as now!
Ships and bottles
An interesting phenomenon occurred around 1600. The Dutch and English then became involved in the international wine trade on a large scale. And they determined to a large extent what kind of wine a region should produce. See the Lower Loire and Muscadet, see Cognac, Bergerac, Bordeaux, Port and Jerez. Market-oriented thinking in viticulture is timeless.
Until the 18th century, all wine was transported and stored in barrels. The storage options were therefore extremely limited. However, the use of properly sealable bottles would change that. It will come as no surprise that those bottles were mainly used for top wines. This included the wines of the current Premiers Crus in Bordeaux, with Château Haut-Brion in the lead. Bottles were mouth-blown at the time. With a single blow-out, a glass blower could form a bottle with a volume of about 75 centilitres. Later this would become the standard measure. The storage capacity of wine refrigerators is expressed in bottles.
Meanwhile, it had been discovered in Central Europe and in Germany that a late harvest combined with noble rot (botrytis) can yield fantastic sweet wines. And in Champagne, a process was developed to make wine with sparkling bubbles?
Setback and progress
The 19th century was the century of great highs and lows for viticulture. It was the century of the three great pests, oidium, mildew and grape lice, all native to America. The consequences of the grape louse, phylloxera vastatrix, in the last quarter of the century, were particularly profound. This louse affects the roots so much that the plants die. Vineyards all over Europe were in danger of disappearing for lack of effective pesticides. The only remedy turned out to be - and still is - the grafting of European grape plants on resistant American (!) Rootstock.
As a result of the phylloxera, European viticulture changed radically. Whole areas disappeared, others were replanted with new grape varieties. Sometimes with better, sometimes with more productive? New areas are also being developed to compensate for the damage. See, for example, Languedoc and Algeria. And see Rioja, where winemakers from Bordeaux took refuge.
The 19th century is also the century of technology and industrialization. The growth of cities and the construction of railways created new needs and opportunities. Wine regions that had previously only produced for their own needs suddenly turned into regions of national significance as a result of the opening up. The Languedoc is already a textbook example in this respect.
In the 19th century the foundation was also laid for modern oenology, the science of winemaking. This was done by the French scholar Louis Pasteur. Of the many discoveries he made, perhaps the most important is the how and why of alcoholic fermentation
In the late 19th / early 20th century, the realization grew that names of regions of origin had to be protected against abuse. In France this resulted in the creation of appellations d'origine contrôlées in 1935. Although centuries ago individual areas such as Chianti and the Douro (the port region) had already been demarcated and protected by regulations, France had the scoop at national level. Other countries would follow suit.
The importance of individual properties of a wine has only increased in the course of the 20th century. In addition to the region of origin, the name of the producer also became an indication of the quality. After the Second World War, the individual, self-bottling producer gradually took the place of the trading houses, which usually mixed different basic wines from various producers into one standard wine. This automatically meant greater diversity in the offer.
The 20th century, more than the 19th, was the century of technology. Both in the vineyard and in the cellar. Keywords: rationalization, mechanization, control of the entire production process. As long as technology is not an end in itself, but serves as support for what nature has to offer - the terroir (soil, climate, location) - and the winemaker's intuitive creativity, that is a good thing.
Thanks to better vineyard management, yields have risen sharply. In the basement, the use of stainless steel and temperature control have resulted in a much higher quality level on average. The New World has shown the Old in this regard.
Emergence of the New World
The New World is the collective name for all those wine countries that lie outside Europe and the Mediterranean. New in this case is rather relative, because many countries have a wine history that is a few centuries old. The viticulture was introduced by the Spaniards in their colonies in South and Central America, by the Dutch in South Africa, and by the English in North America and Australia.
However, where credit is due, the French, Italians and Germans were usually the true pioneers of actual winemaking. In the second half of the 19th century, a wine industry of serious size emerged in countries such as Australia, Chile and California. Production usually only affected the local needs and the heat in some countries influenced the style of the wines. They were often alcoholic and sweet. As in Europe, there were also some ups and downs, with the most notorious example of Prohibition in America.
The international breakthrough is recent. The emergence of the New World only started in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Then it went stormy, with fruity, smooth wines. By applying technical means it was possible to produce wines that met the international taste. Market oriented, unimpeded by traditions and rules. Designations of origin are determined geographically only, with no further requirements as to the method of winemaking. So you can experiment to your heart's content.
As a rule, producers in the New World bring easily recognizable 'varietal wines' to the consumer, i.e. made from one specific grape variety. In Europe, this concept has now also found wide acceptance. Conversely, the most recent trend outside Europe is one in which the origin of the wine is becoming increasingly important. Or: how terroir and technology complement each other perfectly.
Both in Europe and abroad, viticulture currently seems to be affected by climate change, read: higher temperatures. The question remains to what extent this is a temporary phenomenon or a permanent one. Historically, there have been colder and warmer periods with sometimes far-reaching consequences. The current rise in temperature leads to earlier harvests and higher alcohol
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